How is Sleep Apnea Diagnosed?
Based on your indications and symptoms, an examination, and tests, your doctor will make an assessment of your condition. For more testing, he or she could suggest that you speak with a sleep specialist.
Your doctor will check the back of your throat, mouth, and nose during the physical examination to see if there is any extra tissue or abnormalities. In addition to measuring your waist and neck, your doctor may also check your blood pressure.
To diagnose your condition, determine its severity, and plan your therapy, a sleep specialist might do further tests. As part of the evaluation, you could spend the night at a sleep center where your breathing and other biological functions will be observed.
Sleep apnea diagnosis may be conducted using the following tests.
- Nocturnal polysomnography. During the sleep apnea test, the patient is linked to apparatus that keeps track of their breathing patterns, heart rate, brain activity, arm and leg movement, and blood oxygen levels while they are sleeping.
- Home sleep test. Doctors will provide polysomnography to patients at home in order to diagnose OSA. During this examination, measurements are made of airflow, breathing patterns, blood oxygen levels, maybe limb movements, and snoring intensity.
How to Treat Sleep Apnea?
There are several non-invasive sleep apnea treatment methods. Here are a few methods for treating sleep apnea.
Patients with moderate sleep apnea may benefit from conservative therapy. The techniques below lessen the severity of the symptoms of sleep apnea, which may be influenced by a variety of lifestyle factors.
- Quit Drinking and Smoking
- Avoid taking any drugs that might make your sleep apnea symptoms worse.
- Lose weight
- Get enough sleep
- Try steroid nasal spray
Mechanical treatments make use of non-invasive sleep apnea machine to prevent obstructive sleep apnea.
- CPAP Device
- PAP Therapy
Inspire Sleep Apnea
A neuro-stimulator with a pressure-sensing lead in the chest pocket of the FDA-approved implanted upper airway known as Inspire Sleep Apnea monitors the patient’s breathing. The patient turns on the device before bed to stimulate the throat muscles while sleeping. Inspire is an alternative to CPAP, which works inside the patient’s body while sleeping.
According to a clinical trial, 66% of study participants improved their sleep apnea by 79% and dramatically decreased snoring and daytime tiredness after using Inspire for sleep apnea for a year.
Most insurance companies cover Inspire, therefore the price is based on how much your insurance company will pay for it and your out-of-pocket expenses.
Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator
An alternative to CPAP known as hypoglossal nerve stimulation includes implanting a medical device that stimulates the hypoglossal nerve in time with the patient’s breathing. To keep the patient’s airways open while they sleep, the sleep apnea implant is stimulated.
Mandibular Advancement Device (MAD)
A mandibular advancement device (MAD) is a mouthguard for sleep apnea that reduces snoring by physically moving the jaw forward and opening up the airway. The use of MADs is advised for the treatment of moderate sleep apnea since it helps to alleviate symptoms by advancing the jaw as you sleep. The term “MAD” stands for “mandibular Advancement Device” (MAD).
Sleep Apnea Surgery
Doctors may advise surgery if none of the aforementioned treatments are successful. The sort of surgery you receive will depend on the severity of your sleep apnea and your general health. There are various surgical procedures available to treat sleep apnea.
- Mandibular/Maxillary Advancement Surgery
- Nasal surgery
- Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP)